Bruno Moreira De Carvalho

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Bruno Carvalho is a postdoctoral researcher at the Barcelona Supercomputing Center, developing infectious disease models to provide early warnings and decision support to stakeholders in Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean. He also builds indicators to track the impacts of climate change on health in Europe and harmonizes data from multiple sources and formats using open-access and reproducible digital toolkits. At the Global Health Resilience team, he is involved mainly in the HARMONIZEIDAlert, IDExtremes and E4Warning projects.

Bruno holds a PhD in Ecology and Evolution by the University of Rio de Janeiro State  (2012-2016), a MSc in Parasitology by the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (Fiocruz, 2009-2011), and a BSc in Biology by the Estácio de Sá University (2004-2008). His training focused on the eco-epidemiology of leishmaniasis and its vectors in Brazil, including a research stay at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (2015). As a junior postdoc at Fiocruz (2016-2019), he was part of Brazil’s largest climate change research consortium (INCT Mudanças Climáticas) and an author in Brazil’s Fourth National Communication to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Bruno was also a member of the Technical Advisory Board in Environment and Health of the Oswaldo Cruz Institute (Fiocruz), proposing strategic actions for institutional development in research and education. After a postdoctoral stay at the Rio de Janeiro Botanical Gardens (2019-2020) developing ecological niche models for ecological restoration projects, he moved to Spain as a Severo Ochoa fellow at the Barcelona Institute for Global Health (2020-2022). There he worked on projects exploring the links between infectious diseases and climate, such as malaria in Mozambique, Chagas disease in Bolivia, and echinococcosis in Amazonia. Bruno has developed a broad skillset of statistical and machine learning methods and is proficient in R and Python. He has experience with teaching and student supervision, and acted as a consultant for the World Bank, the Brazilian Institute for Geography and Statistics, and the Brazilian Network on Global Climate Change Research (Rede CLIMA).


  • PhD, Ecology and Evolution (2012-2016). State University of Rio de Janeiro (UERJ). Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Funded research stay at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM), London, UK.  
  • MSc, Parasite Biology (2009-2011). Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (Fiocruz). Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. 
  • Specialist, Arthropods of Medical Importance (2008-2009). Oswaldo Cruz Foundation. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. 
  • BSc, Biology (2004-2008). Estácio de Sá University. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.


  • Vadmal GM, Glidden CK, Han BA, Carvalho BM, Castellanos AA, Mordecai EA (2023). Data-driven predictions of potential Leishmania vectors in the Americas. PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 17(2), e0010749 [link].
  • Santos GPL, Sanavria A, Schubach AO, Marzochi MCA, Galardo AKR, Carvalho BM (2022). Spatial distribution and effects of land use and cover on cutaneous leishmaniasis vectors in the municipality of Paracambi, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Entomologia 66, e20210100 [link].
  • Tourinho L, Prevedello JA, Carvalho BM, Rocha DSB, Vale MM (2022). Macroscale climate change predictions have little influence on landscape-scale habitat suitability. Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation 20 (1): 29-37 [link].
  • Vilela ML, Freitas SPC, Paes LRNB, Azevedo CG, Carvalho BM, Rangel EF (2022). The Distribution and Bioecological Aspects of Sandflies (Diptera, Psychodidae) in the Municipality of Araguaína, State of Tocantins, Brazil. International Journal of Zoology and Animal Biology 5 (2): 000368 [link]
  • Gross A, Neto AR, Barbieri AF, (...), Carvalho BM, et al. (2021). Chapter 3: Impacts, Vulnerability and Adaptation to Climate Change. In: Fourth National Communication of Brazil to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Brasília: Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovações [link].
  • Carvalho BM, Perez LP, Oliveira BFA de, Jacobson L da SV, Horta MA, Sobral A, et al. (2020).Vector-borne diseases in Brazil: climate change and future warming scenarios. Sustainability in Debate 11(3): 361404 [link].
  • Citeli N, De-Carvalho M, Carvalho BM, Magalhães MAFM, Bochner R (2020). Bushmaster bites in Brazil: ecological niche modeling and spatial analysis to improve human health measures. Cuadernos de Herpetología 34: 135-143 [link].
  • Carvalho BM, Vasconcelos dos Santos T, Barata IR, Lima JAN, Silveira FT, Vale MM, Ready PD, Rangel EF (2018). Entomological surveys of Lutzomyia flaviscutellata and other vectors of cutaneous leishmaniasis in municipalities with records of Leishmania amazonensis within the Bragança region of Pará State, Brazil. Journal of Vector Ecology 43(1): 168-178 [link]
  • Rangel EF, Lainson R, Carvalho BM, Costa SM, Shaw JJ (2018). Sand Fly Vectors of American Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Brazil. In: Rangel EF, Shaw JJ (Eds.). Brazilian Sand Flies. 1ed. Cham: Springer [link].
  • Oliveira EF, Galati EAB, Oliveira AG, Rangel EF, Carvalho BM (2018). Ecological niche modelling and predicted geographic distribution of Lutzomyia cruzi, vector of Leishmania infantum in South America. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 12(7): e0006684 [link].
  • McIntyre S, Rangel EF, Ready PD, Carvalho BM (2017). Species-specific ecological niche modelling predicts different range contractions for Lutzomyia intermedia and a related vector of Leishmania braziliensis following climate change in South America. Parasites & Vectors 10: 157 [link].
  • Carvalho BM, Rangel EF, Vale MM (2017). Evaluation of the impacts of climate change on disease vectors through ecological niche modelling. Bulletin of Entomological Research 107: 419-430 [link]
  • Afonso MMS, Chaves SAM, Magalhães MAFM, Gracie R, Azevedo C, Carvalho BM, Rangel EF (2017). Ecoepidemiology of American Visceral Leishmaniasis in Tocantins State, Brazil: Factors associated with the occurrence and spreading of the vector Lutzomyia (Lutzomyia) longipalpis (Lutz & Neiva, 1912) (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae). In: Claborn DM (Org.). The Epidemiology and Ecology of Leishmaniasis. 1ed. Rijeka: InTech [link].
  • Carvalho BM, Rangel EF, Ready PD, Vale MM (2015). Ecological Niche Modelling Predicts Southward Expansion of Lutzomyia (Nyssomyia) flaviscutellata (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae), Vector of Leishmania (Leishmania) amazonensis in South America, under Climate Change. Plos One10: e0143282 [link].
  • Rangel EF, Costa SM, Carvalho BM (2014). Environmental Changes and the Geographic Spreading of American Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Brazil. In: Claborn DM (Org.). Leishmaniasis -Trends in Epidemiology, Diagnosis and Treatment. 1ed. Rijeka: InTech [link].
  • Carvalho BM, Dias CMG, Rangel EF (2014). Phlebotomine Sand Flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) from Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil: Species Distribution and Potential Leishmaniases Vectors. Revista Brasileira de Entomologia 58: 77-87 [link].
  • Carvalho BM, Maximo M, Costa WA, Santana AL, Costa SM, Rego TA, Pita-Pereira D, Rangel EF (2013). Leishmaniasis transmission in an ecotourism area: potential vectors in Ilha Grande, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Parasites & Vectors 6: 325 [link]
  • Gouveia C, Oliveira RM, Zwetsch A., Motta-Silva D, Carvalho BM, Santana AF, Rangel EF (2012). Integrated Tools for American Cutaneous Leishmaniasis Surveillance and Control: Intervention in an Endemic Area in Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.  Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Infectious Diseases (Online) 2012: 1-9 [link].
  • Vilela ML, Azevedo CG, Carvalho BM, Rangel EF (2011). Phlebotomine Fauna (Diptera: Psychodidae) and Putative Vectors of Leishmaniases in Impacted Area by Hydroelectric Plant, State of Tocantins, Brazil. Plos One 6: e27721 [link].