Agriculture

Few businesses are as dependent on the weather as farming. Variables such as temperature, precipitation or wind speed are key for agricultural production, affecting every aspect in the management of agricultural operations. Applying High Performance Computing (HPC), the BSC produces climate information and services useful for the agricultural community. This information can be used to support your decision-making during the crop phenological cycle and to guarantee an optimal production in the face of current and future climate variability.

Risk management in agriculture is highly improved when farmers have access to seasonal predictions, as knowing the most suitable locations and time periods for a particular crop management action is a main driver of productivity. Having information on climate forecasts beyond the 10-day time horizon, has many potential applications in the agriculture sector such as:

  • Decision-making during the growing season (planting and harvesting dates, pruning, planning fungicide acquisition, dealing with excess product availability…)
  • Crop trade in the market
  • Selection of crop types

 

Long term climate variation affects crop production and, as a result, non-physical elements of agricultural production are also affected, including price stability and food access. Decadal predictions of climate variables affecting crop growth and therefore the crop production in the next decades have the following applications:

  • Strategic planning and adaptation decisions, i.e. management techniques to anticipate the effects of climate change
  • Selection of crop varieties
 

Climate change is threatening different varieties of agricultural species. Wine grapes are especially sensitive to subtle differences in climate impacts, causing changes in the crops (i.e. decrease of the grape quality and quantity, undesirable changes in alcohol content, and acid and sugar concentrations) which directly affects the wine industry. In this context, climate projections become extremely important for companies interested in delimiting regions suitable for growing wine grapes in the upcoming decades, as well as for defining adaptive and mitigation actions on current wine regions. Potential applications of climate projections in the wine sector include:

  • Site selection
  • Strategic planning and adaptation decisions, i.e. management techniques to anticipate the effects of climate change


 


 

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